The Classical Academician, Satyendra Nath Bose was unique among his contemporaries. His work has resulted in numerous scientific breakthroughs, including the discovery of the particle accelerator and the God particle.
Einstein recognized Satyendra Nath Bose’s discovery, applying the Indian mathematician’s significant formula to a wide range of phenomena. It is also said that Bose had taken Albert Einstein as his Mentor.
His theoretical paper became one of the most influential discoveries in quantum theory.
Today Google celebrating the day of Indian physicist and mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose for his big contribution to quantum mechanics through creative doodling.
Bose sent his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein on this day in 1924, and Einstein immediately recognized it as a significant discovery in quantum mechanics.
Biography of Satyendra Nath Bose
Bose was born on January 1, 1894, in Kolkata. He was the eldest of seven children in a Bengali Kayastha family. He was the only son in his family, with six sisters after him.
His journey to fame started in Academics as an Indian physicist. When he was a child, Bose would solve the difficult arithmetic problems every day that was given to him by his father, who worked as an accountant in the Engineering Department of the East Indian Railway Company.
Bose graduated first in 1913 with a Bachelor of Science in mixed mathematics from Presidency College.
Then he went to Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee’s newly formed Science College, where he won the MSc mixed mathematics exam again in 1915.
His performance in the MSc examination set a new record in the annals of the University of Calcutta that has yet to be broken.
As a polyglot, Bose was fluent in Bengali, English, French, German, and Sanskrit, as well as the poetry of Lord Tennyson, Rabindranath Tagore, and Kalidasa.
He could play the esraj, a violin-like Indian musical instrument. He was heavily involved in the operation of night schools known as the Working Men’s Institute.
His Career in Research and Lectureship
Inspired by physicist Jagadish Chandra Bose and historian Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bose worked as a lecturer in the University of Calcutta’s physics department from 1916 to 1921.
In 1919, Bose and Saha co-wrote the first English-language book based on German and French translations of original papers on Einstein’s special and general relativity.
Satyendra Nath Bose and Saha both presented papers in theoretical physics and pure mathematics beginning in 1918.
While working as a Reader at the University of Dhaka’s Physics Department in 1924, Bose published a paper in which he deduced Planck’s quantum radiation law without using any classical physics by employing a novel method of counting states with identical particles.
This paper was seminal in creating the important field of Quantum Statistics.
Nomination for Nobel Prize and Other AWARDS
K. Banerji (1956), D.S. Kothari (1959), S.N. Bagchi (1962), and A.K. Dutta (1962) nominated S.N. Bose for the Nobel Prize in Physics for their contributions to Bose-Einstein statistics and the unified field theory.
For example, Kedareswar Banerjee, head of the Physics Department at the University of Allahabad, wrote to the Nobel Committee on January 12, 1956, as follows:
- Bose made significant contributions to physics by developing the statistics that bear his name, known as Bose statistics.
- From 1953 to the present, he has made a number of highly interesting contributions with far-reaching implications on the subject of Einstein’s Unitary Field Theory.”
- Oskar Klein, a Nobel Committee expert, evaluated Bose’s work and determined that it was worthy of a Nobel Prize.
He was a Royal Society Fellow, and the Government of India awarded him the Padma Vibhushan in 1954. He was also a Council of Scientific and Industrial Research adviser and a Fellow of the Royal Society.